Skip to main content

Calling Contracts

Calling a contract on a Casper network requires the use of a deploy. When using the Casper Rust client, JavaScript SDK, or any other client, the intermediary client crafts the deploy for you, using the arguments you provide. This document outlines the various deploy variants through which you can execute Wasm or invoke the execution of on-chain Wasm.

Using Deploy Variants


ModuleBytes is a deploy variant that allows you to pass opaque Wasm bytes to a network. This variant is used to install a contract on the chain or execute Wasm.

However, you can also use ModuleBytes to deploy session code that calls a contract.

Further information on the structure of ModuleBytes can be found in here.


StoredContractByHash is a deploy variant that invokes on-chain Wasm by specifying the contract hash and an entry point within the contract. When you don't need to send additional Wasm, you can use this deploy variant to invoke on-chain Wasm. It accepts any runtime arguments necessary for the entry point in question.

While there is no Wasm associated with this variant, it is still a deploy sent to a node that invokes an installed contract.

Further information on the structure of StoredContractByHash can be found here.


StoredContractByName is similar to StoredContractByHash, with the main difference being the reference used to invoke on-chain Wasm. Where StoredContractByHash requires the contract hash, StoredContractByName uses a string stored as a NamedKey in the caller's account.

This allows the caller to more easily reference a contract stored on-chain for later use but requires pre-planning to store the name within their account's NamedKeys.


StoredVersionedContractByHash is a deploy variant that invokes on-chain Wasm based on the contract package hash rather than the contract hash directly. This variant allows the caller to specify a version within the contract package, but if a specific version is not supplied, it will use the most recent version of the contract within the package.

This makes StoredVersionedContractByHash more stable than StoredContractByHash, as any caller will be directed to the most recent version of the internal contract without needing to specify the hash of that specific contract. Callers that regularly interact with a contract that they know will be upgraded can use this variant to ensure they are always using the most up-to-date version.

DApp developers that use contracts developed by other parties can use StoredVersionedContractByHash to avoid interruptions from contract version changes.

Further information on the structure of StoredVersionedContractByHash can be found here.


StoredVersionedContractByName combines the functionality of StoredContractByName and StoredVersionedContractByHash. It allows a developer to store a reference string as a NamedKey within their account context that references a contract by its contract package hash.

Further information on the structure of StoredVersionedContractByName can be found here.


Native Transfers are Wasmless transfers on a Casper network. This is how most transfers take place, albeit through a system like the Rust client that crafts the associated deploy and sends it to the network.

Further information on the structure of a native Transfer can be found here.